Since its inception, democracy has always been difficult to administer and some people have capitalized on the loopholes it has to bring about conflict. However, it doesn’t mean democracy has no merits. In many democracies, these conflicts usually stem from a complex inter-connected web of needs that stay unaddressed for a prolonged period. In Syria the situations have increased conflicts in between tribes, wars with government and the population at large.
When narrowing conflicts to democracies there is variety of factors that lead to disagreements. The major sources which causes conflicts include economic, political and military factors. Politics causes conflict when people think that the government is denying them their human rights through unequal distribution of resources. When citizens blame the government which misuses the available scarce resources for personal gain, this can sometime lead to conflict between the two parties.
In most cases, conflicts originate from two or more ethnic tribes and escalates to the national level. This perpetual spread is brought about by ethnic affiliations, tribal affiliations, and those who feel they are also suffering the same fate as the oppressed tribe. The biggest tribes, on the other hand, will always feel like they deserve more than the other tribes when it comes to resource allocation. Any indication that one tribe may be getting more than the other will often lead to conflicts.
Some section of the population may wrongly accuse the government of distributing resources unequally. As a result, there is formation of rebel groups and other factors that eventually cause conflicts. At present, some of the wealthiest oil reserves in Syria have been affected by such conflicts. The economy proceeds to suffer even more when international companies pull out of the country and can no longer help in the exploration of natural resources. These mining fields are often left untouched since any involvement by the government or other parties will lead to war more often.
Divisions within the military have led to the creation of a national army that doesn’t function effectively. The army, therefore, is converted into an instrument that the government may use to commit crimes against the people. A divided army will also engage in other activities such as extortion, human rights violations, and theft, among others, which aren’t addressed often.
Among the political class in democracies, greed has brought about major conflicts. While the hardworking taxpayers are contributing money for building up infrastructure and service provision, politicians might embezzle the funds leading to protests and eventually conflicts. The major cause of conflict in these situations is the existence or pro-government and anti-government groups which often clash leading to a nationwide war.